ICSA president Patrick Kent
ICSA president Patrick Kent has called for an urgent review of market support measures such the Aids to Private Storage (APS) scheme for beef, in light of the current drought crisis.
“Drought conditions are causing a myriad of problems for beef farmers so it is imperative that we look at all possible options to avert a crisis. APS could provide a means for getting prime cattle moving through the factories in sufficient numbers in a manner that wouldn’t distort the market significantly,” he said.
However, for that to happen, there needs to be a fundamental rethink of the EU price support mechanisms in the case of extreme weather crises.
The aim of the APS scheme is to facilitate producers to store product for a stipulated period of time, with product then released back into the market at a later stage.
However, Mr Kent said: “The scheme can only kick in when the price of beef falls below 85 per cent of an EU reference point that is set far too low and needs to be adjusted. At present, the price support instruments of intervention or private storage are too blunt and of no use for the beef sector. Dairy reference prices are set at levels which mean that they can sometimes help the dairy sector but the beef levels are not fit for purpose.”
He said that while the strategy of EU policy was to move towards risk management rather than price support, the reality was that farmers, particularly in vulnerable sectors like cattle and sheep, cannot sacrifice any existing direct payments to fund risk insurance.
In any event, a properly functioning APS could help both dairy and beef sectors by taking out surplus cows on a short-term basis when there is surplus cattle going to factories due to a fodder crisis, said Mr Kent.
"This could yet end up being a welfare calamity for both farmer and animal. Essentially, we need to go back to the drawing board on a safety net for beef," he said.
“We have seen a big increase in the numbers of cows being presented for slaughter which has caused a bottleneck at meat plants. Factories are lapping up the opportunity to buy in lighter carcass dairy cows cheaply but the knock-on effects are hitting the wider beef sector hard. With the oversupply of cull cows predicted to continue indefinitely, the prime cattle trade is being undermined. This, coupled with ever increasing input costs, means there can be no doubt that a support mechanism to underpin the market in times of severe crisis is badly needed," said the ICSA president.
He said that a new approach could involve State assistance for storage being sanctioned by Brussels which would involve derogation from state aid rules.
The problem with one size fits all is that there is significant difference in price levels across the EU 27.
Whereas we had to be careful not to distort the single market, on the other hand, we had to get flexibility to deal with an extreme crisis such as the drought where the welfare of farmers and of animals took precedence over economic orthodoxy, he said.